Jumah Ahmad. Alzyadat
Assistant Professor, Department of Finance and Banking, College of Business Administration, Dar Aluloom University, Riyadh, KSAhttps://doi.org/10.47191/jefms/v4-i12-20
This study aims to answer the question: What is the nature of the relationship between fiscal and monetary policy in Jordan? Are the two policies complementary to each other, alternatives, or go in opposite directions?. This study applies the vector autoregression VAR, the Impulse Response Function test, the Granger Causality test, and the. Variance Decomposition Analysis. The results showed that there is a bidirectional causal relationship between government expenditures and money supply, as well as a bidirectional causal relationship between tax revenues and money supply, the main conclusion that the fiscal policy through the use of government expenditures and tax revenues and the monetary policy through the money supply go in the same direction, and complement each other, this is supported by the fact that the expansionary fiscal policy in Jordan during the study period was also accompanied by an expansionary monetary policy. The monetary authority sets interest rates on loans and there is no significant role for fiscal policy instruments in influencing the interest rate in Jordan. The study recommends harmonization between the declared and implemented policy. Each authority should serve its goals with independence and complementarity between the two policies. In this case, coordination means preventing extremism in pursuing an expansionary or contractionary policy from this or that authority, what is required is that the Central Bank and the Ministry of Finance agree on coordination, integration and balance between objectives.
Jordan, Fiscal Policy, Monetary Policy, Macroeconomic Policies Interactions, VAR
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