Analysis of Organizational Performance through Environmental Uncertainty and Business Strategy: Case Study of Garuda Indonesia
1Sulastri Irbayuni, 2Ayundha Evanthi
1,2Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jawa Timur, Surabaya, Indonesiahttps://doi.org/10.47191/jefms/v4-i10-29
Organizational performance plays an important role as a measure of the success of an organization or company. To achieve this success, organizational performance is influenced by many factors, including environmental uncertainty and business strategy that has been implemented by the organization. The airline industry in Indonesia is in a high competitive condition and faces environmental uncertainty challenge with the gain of tight margin. The researches on the most suitable business strategy choice for airline in the midst of environmental uncertainty condition in order to obtain organizational performance have not been many examined in Indonesia. This study aims to determine the effect of environmental uncertainty and business strategy on organizational performance of Garuda Indonesia. Based on the research finding, it was known that the environmental uncertainty could affect positively on business strategy that has been implemented by the organization, for strategy choices of cost leadership, focus orientation, or differentiation. But, it turned that only the differentiation strategy which was able to affect positively the organizational performance. The conclusion of test result referred that the Indonesian airline in the midst of a very dynamic environment was demanded to be able to offer a unique and different product and service from other competitors and deliver the higher value to the customers, so it could achieve a good organizational performance.
Environmental Uncertainty, Business Strategy, Organizational Performance
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