Dr. Amalesh Patra
Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce Calcutta Girls’ College, Kolkata West Bengal, Indiahttps://doi.org/10.47191/jefms/v4-i10-28
The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of the capital structure on the profitability of the companies under the FMCG sector listed in the National Stock Exchange (NSE) of India. The sample of 10 companies over 14 years from 2007 to 2020 is considered in this study. To examine the impact of capital structure on the profitability, Total Debt to Total Assets (TDTA) Debt- Equity (DE), Interest Coverage Ratio (ICR) consider as the independent variables, Price to Book Value Ratio (PBVR) and Growth (GROW) considered as the control variables and Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) considered as dependent variable (profitability). To fulfil the objective of the study Pearsons' Correlation has been conducted for testing the Collinearity, Shapiro- Wilk test has been run for normality test of the variables, to test the Stationary Hadri LM test, Kao and Pedroni test for cointegration test and to choose the appropriate model Hausman test and finally, for the result, I run Fixed Effect Model. The result of the Regression analysis showed that Total Debt to Total Assets (TDTA), Debt- Equity (DE), Interest Coverage Ratio (ICR), and Price to Book Value are the factors that have an impact on the Profitability (ROCE) of the company. The empirical result also suggests that total debt to Total Assets (TDTA), Interest Coverage Ratio (ICR), and Price to Book Value of the company have a positive impact but Debt -Equity has a negative impact on the ROCE
Profitability, Capital structure, Interest Coverage Ratio, Debt to Equity, Growth, Return on Capital Employed.
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