JEFMS || Explore your research to the world...ISSN[Online] : 2644-0504  ||  ISSN[Print] : 2644-0490

JEFMS:ARCHIVES

VOLUME 02 ISSUE 03 DEC 2019
Published: 2019-12-25
Paper Type:Research
Paper Title:Relationship between Export Diversification and Economic Growth, Case of Tunisia (1987-2015)
Author:ALOUANI Ahmed1, Ismahène ABID2
About Author: 1PH.D. of Economics 2007, CEMAFI, University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France And Assistant Professor at the Higher Institute of Business Administration, Gafsa, TUNISIA
2holder of a master's degree in economics and future doctoral student. Gafsa, TUNISIA
Page No:35-47
Article Info

If in the empirical literature, the postive relationship between divisification of exports and growth has been detected. However, this relationship does not always come out. As an indication and as we have argued, Michaely (1977), for example, has found a significant positive link between exports and economic growth only in the most developed countries. This was not the case in the least developed countries. In our study concerning Tunisia, we concluded that this relationship, indeed, exists. In this study we chose as period: 1987-2015. On the econometric side, we used the co-integration method. According to the results of the analysis, we found that exports, especially agricultural exports, have a positive effect on long-term growth. Hence, investments in the production of exportable agricultural goods must be encouraged.

Key-words:
Growth, diversification, exports, agricultural exports, Tunisia, positive relationship, co-integration
Abstract
1) Adama, J.A.et Ohwofasa, B.O.,(2015),” Determinants of Agricultural Export Earnings in Nigeria, 1980-2011”, International Journal Of Innovative Research& Development, Vol .4 Issue 8

2) Afaf Abdull J. Saaed and Majeed A. H., (2015). The causality relationship between exports, imports and economic growth in Jordan: 1977-2012. EPRA International Journal of Economic and Business Review. Vol - 3, Issue- 7, July 2015.

3) Afaf Abdull J. Saaed and Majeed A .H., (2015). Impact of exports and imports on economic growth: Evidence from Tunisia. Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences. 6(1):13-21, (ISSN: 2141-7016).

4) Aleksandra P. and Massimo T. ,(2013). Product diversification, relative specialization and economic development: Import-export analysis. Journal of Macroeconomics. 38, (2013), 121–135.

5) Abolagba E.O.,(2010), “ Determinants of Agricultural Exports”, J Hum Ecol, 29(3), pp.181-184

6) Anderson K. and Valenzuela E.,(2009),” Agricultural and trade policy reforms in Latin America: impacts on markets and welfare”,

7) Ahmed J., Somchai H .,(1995) , “Unit roots and cointegration in estimating causality between Exports and economic growth :Empirical evidence from the ASEAN contries ,Economic Letters 49,pp.329-334

8) Akhand Akhtar H. ,(2009), “ Structural change in the export demand function for Indonesia: Estimation, analysis and policy implications”, Journal of Policy Modeling 31, pp.260–271

9) Augusta Pelinski Raiher, Alex Sander Souza do Carmo, Alysson Luiz,(2017)« The effect of technological intensity of exports on the economicgrowth of Brazilian microregions: A spatial analysis with panel data », Economia

10) Andres Z., (2007), “ Decomposing world export growth and the relevance of new destinations ”, MPRA Paper, n 30295

11) Alessandrini M., Enowbi Batuo M.,(2008), « The Trade Specialization of SANE: Evidence from Manufacturing Industries », MPRA Paper ,n°. 13216

12) Arthur J.W, McCord G.C.,(2017), “ Fertilizing growth: Agricultural inputs and their effects in economic development ”, Journal of Development Economics ,127, pp.133–152

13) Adama, J.A.et Ohwofasa, B.O.,(2015),” Determinants of Agricultural Export Earnings in Nigeria, 1980-2011”, International Journal Of Innovative Research& Development, Vol. 4 Issue 8

14) BENEDICT A.,(2009), “the impact of agricultural export commodity prices on nigeria’s economic growth ”, economics , university of Nigeria , nsukka

15) Belloumi M.,(2013), “ The relationship between trade, FDI and economic growth in Tunisia: An application of the autoregressive distributed lag model ”, ECOSYS, p. 461

16) Chebbi H. , Lachaal L.,(2007),” Agricultural sector and economic growth in Tunisia: Evidence from co-integration and error correction mechanism”, MPRA Paper, No. 9101

17) Chun-Ping Chang , Aziz N. Berdiev , Chien-Chiang Lee,(2013) , “ Energy exports, globalization and economic growth :The case of South Caucasus ”, Economic Modelling 33 ,pp. 333–346

18) Constantine Michalopoulos ,(1998), “TRADE POLICY AND MARKET ACCESS ISSUES FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES ” , POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER ,2214

19) Cadot O., Carrere C., Strauss-KhanV.,(2011), “ Export Diversification: What's behind the Hump? ” ,CERDI, Etudes et Documents, E 2009.34

20) Dilawar K. and al., (2012),” Exports, imports and economic growth nexus: Time series evidence from Pakistan”, World Applied Sciences Journal,18 (4) , pp. 538-542

21) Dingjiang C. , Minpeng H., Jiahui W.et al.,(2016), “ Factors controlling phosphorus export from agricultural/forest and residential systems to rivers in eastern China (1980–2011) ”, Journal of Hydrology 533 ,pp. 53–61

22) David Kanter R. ,Musumba M. , Sylvia Wood L.R. et al.,(2016),” Evaluating agricultural trade-offs in the age of sustainable development”, Agricultural Systems

23) David Lansing M., (2013), “ Understanding linkages between ecosystem service payments, forest plantations, and export agriculture”, Geoforum 47,pp.103–112

24) Dokić A ., Jović S.,(2017),” Evaluation of agriculture and industry effect on economic health by ANFIS approach”, Physica A 479,pp.396–399

25) Dawson P. J. , (2005), “ Agricultural exports and economic growth in less developed countries”, Agricultural Economics 33 ,pp.145–152

26) Encarnación Moral-Pajares , Adoración Mozas-Moral ,Enrique Bernal-Jurado , Miguel Jesús Medina-Viruel,(2015), “Efficiency and exports: Evidence from Southern European companies ” , Journal of Business Research 68, pp. 1506– 1511

27) Gnangnon, Sèna K. , Roberts M., (2015) , “ Aid for trade, foreign direct investment and export upgrading in recipient countries ”, WTO Staff Working Paper, n°.ERSD-2015-10

28) Hiroyuki K. , Beverly L., (2013), “ Productivity and the decision to import and export: Theory and evidence ”, Journal of International Economics 89 ,pp. 297–316

29) Haichao F. , Yao Amber L. ,Stephen R. Yeaple,(2014), “ Trade Liberalization, Quality, and Export Prices”, HKUST IEMS Working Paper , n°. 2015-01

30) IBRAHIM, Abbas M.,(2012) , “ MERCHANDISE EXPORT DEMAND FUNCTION FOR EGYPT: A PANEL DATA ANALYSIS ”, Applied Econometrics and International Development ,Vol. 12-1

31) Joseph O.E et al., (2014), “ AGRICULTURAL EXPORT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA:A MULTIVARIATE JOHANSEN COINTEGRATION ANALYSIS” , International Journal of Arts and Commerce ,Vol. 3 No. 3

32) Joao P. A. ,(2015), “ Evidence of growth complementarity between agricultureand industry in developing countries”, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics 34, pp. 1–18

33) Johansen, S. (1988). Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors. Journal of economic dynamics and control, 12(2), pp.231-254.

34) Johansen S. (1991). Estimation and Hypothesis Testing of Cointegration Vectors in Gaussian Vector Autoregressive Models. Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society, pp.1551-1580.

35) Johansen S. (1995). Likelihood based inference in cointegrated vector autoregressive models. OUP catalogue.

36) Johannes R. , Sebastian Baeza A. , Jonathan Barton R. ,(2014), “Chile’s resource-based export boom and its outcomes: Regional specialization, export stability and economic growth”, Geoforum 56 , pp. 35–45

37) Kónya L., (2006), “ Exports and growth: Granger causality analysis on OECD countries with a panel data approach”, Economic Modelling 23 ,pp. 978–992

38) Karel J.,(2014), “Czech Export Credit Agencies and their Market Power ”, MPRA Paper ,n°. 54097

39) Khaled R.M. Elbeydi and al., (2010) , “ The Relationship between Export and Economic Growth in Libya Arab Jamahiriya” ,Theoretical and Applied Economics

40) Laxmi Pandey V., Suganthi, D., (2015) , “ Fueling agricultural growth in India: Some reflections ”, Land Use Policy 42, pp.227–232

41) Muhammd Abrar ul haq et al. ,(2015), “ Agricultural Export and Economic Growth: A Case Study of Pakistan”, Public Policy and Administration Research, Vol.5, No.8

42) Moghaddas R ., Anoushe A.(2016),” Energy consumption and total factor productivity growth in Iranian agriculture”, Energy Reports 2 ,pp.218–220
References
Pdf
Abstract:100
Pdf:72
Citation

About Us

JEFMS is a scholarly open access, peer reviewed international journal with a primary objective to provide the academic community and industry for the submission of original research and applications related to Economics, Finance and Management. The main objective of JEFMS is to provide an intellectual platform for the international scholars.

Services Aim

JEFMS aims to promote interdisciplinary studies in Economics, Finance and Management. The scope of the journal encompasses research articles, reviews and short communications.

Accepts original and high quality research and technical papers.
Paper will publish immediately in current issue after registration.
Authors can download their full papers at any time with digital certificate.

Contact Us

Feel free to contact us, if you need any queries to be answered

Address:


K. L(Editor in Chief)
Mathilda Ave,
Sunnyvale California,
Zip Code : 94087, USA
E-mail: editor@ijefm.co.in